Homosexuality is one of the most discussed dimensions of humans sexual
life. It was accepted as a disease category, starting from the end of the
19th Century, and efforts were spent to cure it, until removed from being
a disease category by the World Health Organization, in the year 1992.
Nevertheless, negative attitudes and judgments, connected to various
beliefs, considering homosexuality as a psychiatric disorder, a perversion,
a disease or a degenerate behavior, are encountered in every segment of
the society.It can be seen in many researches that homosexual individuals
are discriminated and stigmatized because of negative attitudes and
viewpoints. An important reason that lies behind the negative attitudes
and viewpoints towards homosexuality is homophobia. Homophobia is
an expression used to describe the fear or negative feelings and attitudes
towards homosexuals or the concept of homosexuality. Homosexuals are
subjected to humiliation in all societies in which homophobia is displayed
in an open manner, or most frequently in an implicit manner.
As each culture have some norms related to sexual orientation, attitudes
about this issue reflect on the behaviors of individuals in Turkish society
also. The outlooks of healthcare professionals on this issue affects from
the viewpoint of the society. In the studies it is shown that homophobic
attitudes and behaviors are also common among healthcare professionals,
their knowledge about homosexuality and sex is insufficient and as a result
homosexual individuals might be mistreated in the healthcare system.
Homosexual individuals dont trust the principle of privacy of the healthcare
system because of the negative attitudes of healthcare professionals and
therefore, they hold off benefiting from healthcare services.