The aim of this study was to put forth the similarities and differences between the OECD (Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development) countries while placing the them into two or more groups and determining which
variables cause similarities and differences in terms of health indicators and compare them with Turkey.
Methods: The study was conducted in 34 OECD countries. Descriptive statistics have been collected/calculated using
health indicators appointed by WHO (World Health Organization). A multidimensional scaling analysis (MDS) has been
used to examine the similarities and the differences between the countries with Statistical Package for the Social
Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 software.
Results: Turkey, Mexico, Chile and the Republic of South Korea are perceived similar in terms of health systems indicators
variables as a result of MDS. Greece (4.538), United States (4,438), Switzerland (4.044), Portugal (4,160), Australia
(4,018), Spain (4.062) and Japan (where is the number for Japan) are the coutries having the biggest differences with
Turkey in terms of the twelve health sytems indicators among the OECD countiries. Annual growth in health expenditures
and neonatal infant mortality rates are the most significant factors that separate Turkey from the other countries.
Conclusion: In order to further develop the health sytem in Turkey, policy makers must take into an account the
similarities and differences between Turkey and the OECD countries.